1. Key Details 16 items
    1. Seminar: Tuesday, 12.30 – 14.30, G555)

      Convenor: Dr. Yvette Hutchison,

      Room G23, Millburn House, .

    2. Assessment:

      Term 1 - Essay (3000 words) – 30%

      Term 3 - Research presentation – 50% (exam), Critique (2000 words) - 20%

    3. Aim
      This module sets out to look at the implications of contemporary intercultural performance practice in the context of globalisation in terms of form, focus, ideological and ethical implications.

    4. The learning outcomes of the module


      On successful completion of the module students should be able to:

      - demonstrate a critical analysis of cultural differences and to examine the processes of their mediation through the various cultures;
      - articulate an understanding of the concepts of (1) cultural in relation to identity and aesthetics, (2) the difference between inter- and multiculturalism, and (3) the impact of cultural imperialism and globalisation in relation to theatre production
      - analyse how theatre as a form can both reflect and challenge ideas of cultural representation and expression
      - engage in research-led investigation of these ideas in both primary and secondary material and communicate their findings both orally and in writing.

       We will explore the course through:

      • focussed reading of primary and secondary material for each tutorial session
      • group discussion and presentation, including visual material and textual analysis
      • research in small groups for presentation in class
      • some practical class work
      • Two written assessments (essay & critique) over the two semesters and an examination in the form of a research presentation.

    5. Questions we will explore in seminars will include


      · What is culture, and how is it constructed? (This will include exploring the construction of cultural hegemony, a collective ideology and aesthetics). Here we will specifically be looking at Patrice Pavis's introduction to the Intercultural Performance Reader, looking at the various approaches to culture and exploring the implications of these approaches, particularly in relation to globalisation.

      · We then turn to looking at the implications of such construction of culture for the way we represent ourselves as a group – either as an essentialist discourse (exclusively) or as a constructivist discourse (inclusively). This notion of representation includes the negotiation of identity – both personal and collective. This, in turn, leads us to ask how a multi-cultural context, as the world has become in the global context, affects the expression of this complex identity in performance?

      · If we are working across cultures, languages and contexts, how do the issues of translation, appropriation, and representation affect intercultural performance practice?

      · What is the relationship between the postcolonial and intercultural in the context of globalisation and media?


      These ideas will be explored against actual examples of interactions between Asia, Africa and Europe in twentieth century film and theatre.

    6. Pre-read 1 item
      1. Theatre and interculturalism - Richard Paul Knowles 2010

        Book essential Overview.

    7. Prescribed texts (recommend buying) 4 items
      1. The intercultural performance reader - Patrice Pavis 1996

        Book essential

      2. Postcolonial plays: an anthology - Helen Gilbert 2001

        Book essential

      3. M. Butterfly - David Henry Hwang 1989

        Book essential

      4. Video material and readings will be available to exemplify much of this material.

    8. Other key references 6 items
      1. Beginning postcolonialism - John McLeod 2000

        Book recommended

      2. Introduction

        Chapter recommended Please read: the introduction, a scanned excerpt.

      3. Video material and readings will be available to exemplify much of this material.

  2. Autumn Term: Theatre and interculturalism 54 items
    1. Week 1: Defining key questions, concepts 4 items
      1. Consider what constitutes culture and tradition? How do these ideas relate to peoples' construction and representation of their identities: personal, communal, national, international?

      2. Bring 
        Personal objects that link to who you are.

    2. Week 2: Intercultural practices involving specific embodied forms: 1st wave 12 items
      1. Review critiques of interculturalism discussed in year 1, specifically with reference to Peter Brook's Mahabharata and Ariane Mnouchkine's Adaptations of Asian Shakespeares, Tambours sur le Digne and and Le Dernier Caravanserail (Odyssées).

      2. Discussions on Brook: (from Pavis, Patrice, The Intercultural Performance Reader) 6 items
        1. The intercultural performance reader / edited by Patrice Pavis

          Article recommended Please read: Brook, Peter – The culture of links, pp. 63 – 66.

        2. The intercultural performance reader / edited by Patrice Pavis

          Article recommended Please read: Williams, David – “Remembering the others that are us”: Transculturalism and the myth in the theatre of Peter Brook, pp. 67-78.

        3. The intercultural performance reader / edited by Patrice Pavis

          Article recommended Please read: Carlson, Marvin – Brook and Mnouchkine – Passages to India, pp. 79-92.

        4. The ghosts of the avant-garde(s): exorcising experimental theater and performance - James Martin Harding 2013

          Book recommended Please read: • James M. Harding, ‘Brechtian aesthetics and the death of the director in Peter Brook's The Mahabharata’.

        5. Theatre and the world: performance and the politics of culture - Rustom Bharucha 1993

          Book recommended Please read: Bharucha, Rhustom Peter Brook’s Mahabharata – A View from India.

        6. Interculturalism and performance: writings from PAJ - Bonnie Marranca, Gautam Dasgupta 1991

          Book recommended Please read 'The Mahabharata: Peter Brook’s Orientalism' by G. Dasgupta, pages 75-82.

      3. Discussions on Mnouchkine’s adaptations of Shakespeare using Asian theatre forms 3 items
        1. Theatre histories: an introduction - Phillip B. Zarrilli 2010

          Book recommended Please read: pp. 477-478.

        2. Theatre histories: an introduction - Phillip B. Zarrilli 2010

          Book recommended Please read: Suzuki’s European adaptations, Zarilli, pp. 459-461.

      4. Mnouchkine's more recent work 2 items
        1. La dernier caravansérail: Odyssées - Ariane Mnouchkine, Jean-Jacques Lemêtre, Théâtre du Soleil, ARTE France 2006 (videorecording)

          Book recommended Later films.

        2. Tambours sur la digue - Ariane Mnouchkine, Jean-Jacques Lemêtre, François Duplat, Nicolas Sotnikoff 2002

          Audio-visual document recommended Stage productions.

    3. Week 3: How Interculturalism Performs the Self as an Other 5 items
      1. Readings 3 items
        1. From Orientalism - E. Said 1993

          Chapter essential Online extract.

        2. Interculturalism: exploring critical issues - Diane Powell, Fiona Sze 2004

          Book essential Please read: Fiona Siang Yun Sze, “How interculturalism Performs: Performativity, performability and the theatricality of interculturalism”, pp. 127-133.

        3. The Wadsworth anthology of drama - William B. Worthen 2007

          Book essential Please read: Hwang’s M. Butterfly. There are multiple copies in the library.

      2. See also 2 items
        1. "M. Butterfly": An Interview with David Henry Hwang - David Henry Hwang, John Louis DiGaetani 23/1989

          Article recommended

        2. Evolving a Multicultural Tradition - David Henry Hwang 23/1989

          Article recommended

    4. Week 4: Performing Food (In)Authenticities 3 items
      (Carmen Wong)
      1. Reading 2 items
      2. Further reading 1 item
    5. Week 5: Interculturalism in the postcolonial context: India 4 items
      1. Reading 1 item
        1. Postcolonial plays: an anthology - Helen Gilbert 2001

          Book essential

      2. Further reading 3 items
        1. An introduction to post-colonial theatre - Brian Crow, Chris Banfield 1996

          Book recommended Please read: “Girish Karnad and an Indian theatre of roots, pp. 136-160.

        2. Theatre in India - Girish Karnad 1989

          Article recommended

    6. Week 6 1 item
      1. Reading week. 

    7. Week 7: Contemporary Adaptations: negotiating intercultural performance through dance 8 items
      1. This week in IPP we are going to look at two Sadlers Welles' collaborations, as examples of contemporary intercultural performance:

      2. 1. Bengali-British dancer, Akram Khan, whose work is described as described as 'a mix of North Indian classical dance, Kathak, and contemporary dance', we will specifically look at his piece zero degrees,

      3. Get involved – Akram Khan Company

        Webpage recommended In prep, find out what you can about Sadlers Welles, and Akram Khan’s background.

      4. We will focus particularly on his collaborative piece Zero Degrees, where Khan worked with Sidi Larbi Cherkaoui, Antony Gormley & Nitin Sawhney.

      5. Sadler's Wells Theatre - London's Dance House

        Website recommended As you watch the clip, think of last week's workshop.

      6. Sadler's Wells Theatre - London's Dance House

        Website recommended Also see Sidi Larbi and Akram Khan talk about the making of Zero Degrees.

      7. Inala

        Webpage recommended The ‘zulu ballet’, a collaboration between Ladysmith Black Mambazo and dancers from the Royal Ballet and Rambert dance.

    8. Week 8: Post-war Japan - Takarazuka and the 1950s American musical 6 items
      1. Readings 2 items
      2. Video Clips 3 items
        1. Takarazuka- The Final Countdown 1999

          Audio-visual document recommended Minoru Kou and Yuri Hoshina in the Star Troupe production of "Great Century".

        2. Rose of Versailles - Ai Areba Koso 2001

          Audio-visual document recommended Minoru Kou as Oscar, and Kouju Tatsuki as André, in the hoshigumi's Rose of Versailles from 2001

        3. Me and my Girl 1995

          Audio-visual document recommended

      3. [For further interest seeGoth Lolita and Harajuku fashion]

    9. Week 9: Australian aboriginal identity and music 8 items
      1. Readings 2 items
        1. Postcolonial plays: an anthology - Helen Gilbert 2001

          Book essential Please read: Jimmy Chi and Kuckles: Bran Nue Dae , pp. 320-347.

      2. See also 5 items
        1. Bran Nue Dae Movie

          Webpage recommended Compare play to film, Jan 2010, official trailer.

        2. Singing the landscape: "Bran Nue Dae" - Makeham, Paul Apr 1, 1996

          Article recommended

        3. Indigenous Hip Hop Projects – Dream big

          Website recommended Impact of Hip Hop on Australian Aboriginal identity, .

      3.  Discuss presentations. 

    10. Week 10: Co-motion: Culture, Community and Disability 3 items
      (Jessi Parrott)
      1. What do we mean by intercultural performance practice? Whilst the foremost examples of this can be found in regard to race (which I will of course be addressing, alongside an acknowledgement of my white privilege) another way of conceptualising culture expands it to encompass ideas of 'identity' more widely. For instance, both the LGBT+ and disability rights movements have at their core a sense of 'queer' culture and 'disability' culture, which emphasises the importance of celebrating these aspects of our society. Culture may also of course refer to 'the arts', and 'cultural enrichment' is one of the buzzwords of our time, even against a backdrop of austerity. Interestingly, these two expanded definitions of culture, the arts and disability, still only meet on rare occasions – and usually within very specific environments, even in 2018. This is despite Bree Hadley's observation that, '[f]or people with disabilities, daily interactions in social situations, spaces and places can feel like a series of performances in which [our] idiosyncrasies are, whether [we] like it or not, on show' (2014, 1).


        This seminar will open up a discussion about the idea of a disability culture in mainstream performance. We will explore Oliver's 'medical' and 'social' models of disability (1990) and Mitchell and Snyder's 'cultural' model (2000), alongside Mounsey's idea of 'VariAbility' (2014) to discover how these different (Western) theories might impact on or complicate the presence or absence of disability-related stories in performance practices across a variety of cultural contexts, with a particular focus on Britain and South Africa. We will also investigate the #DisabilitySoWhite critical movement at the intersection of disability and race. 

      2. FTH:K - from the hip : khulumakhale

        Webpage essential Explore the website, as well as searching for the #DisabilitySoWhite and #HeardWhilstDisabled hashtags on Twitter.

  3. Spring Term: questions of globalisation in relation to new spaces and modes of cultural representation 36 items
    1. We will address questions of globalisation in relation to new spaces and modes of cultural representation, and the ways in which these have both facilitated and problematised our negotiations of race and histories of colonialism in last decade of 20th and beginning of 21st centuries.

    2. Week 1 - Beyond the postcolonial? 4 items
      Interculturalism in the context of the global/ cosmopolitan.
      1. Postcolonial plays: an anthology - Helen Gilbert 2001

        Book recommended Please read: Post-race, Geopolitical division and identity construction - Guillermo Verdecchia: Fronteras Americanas, pp. 419-442.

      2. Discuss essays, possible areas/ groups for research presentations (exam).


        Come with ideas, areas or questions of interest, and be ready to outline these in class.

    3. Week 2 – Intercultural listening 3 items
      (Luana Tavarno-Garcia)
      1. Please bring your favourite piece of music on phone that you can share.

      2. Reading 1 item
        1. Questions of cultural identity - Paul Du Gay, Stuart Hall 1996

          Book essential Please read: Frith, Simon. "Music and Identity." , pp. 108-27.

      3. Further reading 1 item
        1. Acoustic interculturalism: listening to performance - Marcus Cheng Chye Tan 2012

          Book recommended Please read: Introduction and Chapter 1 -"The Performativity of Sound and the Soundscapes of Culture."

    4. Week 3: Workshop on Theatre and Meditation. Visiting fellow – Dr. Fabiola Camuti (University of Amsterdam.) 3 items
      1. This workshop will consider the interaction and contamination between theatrical and meditative practices and their application within the development of the actor's training in 20th century theatre reform.

      2. Fabiola Camuti (2016) Breathing, Concentration, Consciousness: Recent Perspectives on Stanislavsky and Yoga. BIBLIOTECA TEATRALE, 119-120 (Nov-Dec), 201-220.

    5. Week 4: Research Projects 1 item
      1. Consider criteria for assessment as a group. Then discuss ideas with YH group by group.

    6. Week 5: Aesthetics and revisioning of ethnographic gaze: Intercultural renegotiation of past: Contemporary Human zoos in Europe/ Africa 7 items
      1. Read: 4 items
        1. Consider:


        2. The couple in the cage: a Guatinaui odyssey - Guillermo Gómez-Peña, Coco Fusco, Paula Heredia, Daisy Wright c1993 (videorecording)

          Audio-visual document recommended

      2. Research 1 item
        1. Slum/ ethnic tourism

          Contemporary human exhibitions

          The conception and reception to Brett Bailey's Exhibit B, in Europe/ UK.


          What issues do these examples highlight for theatre/ cultural practices?

      3. Secondary material: 2 items
    7. Week 6 1 item
      1. Reading week.

    8. Week 7: Aesthetics continues: non-naturalistic representation 6 items
      1. Readings 3 items
        1. Journey of the Tall Horse: a story of African theatre - Mervyn Millar 2006

          Book essential Please read: Text by Kephra Burns, (text of the play and notes on the process).

        2. Tall Horse

          Audio-visual document essential Watch this clip before class. The full show will be screened in class.

        3. Tall Horse - YouTube

          Audio-visual document essential

      2. Secondary reading 3 items
        1. Sticks and strings - Jemima Spring 2010

          Audio-visual document recommended

    9. Week 8: Physical theatre: Engaging the disappeared 5 items
      1. Rain in a Dead man’s Footprints - Mark Fleishman, Alfred Hinkel 2004

        Audio-visual document recommended

      2. Readings 2 items
      3. Secondary material: 2 items
    10. Week 9: Disney and interculturalism 4 items
      1. In preparation think about your own experiences with Disney.

        Think about what constitutes a stereotype, how and why stereotypes work in society.

      2. Readings 2 items
        1. Disney's Dolls - Kathy Maio Dec.1998

          Article essential

      3. Further reading 1 item
    11. Week 10 1 item
      1. Finalising research presentations.

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